List of Ireland's Birds

Search the A-Z of Ireland's Birds

Although a comparatively high number of bird species have been recorded in Ireland, with over 450 species currently on the Irish list, our island biogeography means we have considerably fewer breeding birds than our nearest neighbours. Many birds are migratory and many are rare or unusual in Ireland, despite the fact that they are common residents across the Irish Sea in Britain.

The fact that Ireland has been an isolated Island for over 8,000 years means that several species, widespread in Britain and elsewhere in Europe, that do not move great distances are absent examples include: Tawny Owl, Willow Tit, Marsh Tit, Nuthatch and most woodpecker species. In addition, Ireland’s mild weather means resident birds have an advantage over visitors in terms of early breeding and choice of best habitats. Ireland has fewer habitat types than Britain and continental Europe, with fewer deciduous woodlands, Scots pine forests, heaths and high mountain ranges.

Wheatear

Irish Name

Clochrán

Scientific name

Oenanthe oenanthe

Bird Family

Chats

Whimbrel

Irish Name

Crotach eanaigh

Scientific name

Numenius phaeopus

Bird Family

Sandpipers

Whinchat

Irish Name

Caislín aitinn

Scientific name

Saxicola rubetra

Bird Family

Chats

White-tailed Eagle

Irish Name

Iolar mara

Scientific name

Haliaeetus albicilla

Bird Family

Raptors

Whitethroat

Irish Name

Gilphíb

Scientific name

Sylvia communis

Bird Family

Warblers

Whooper Swan

Irish Name

Eala Ghlórach

Scientific name

Cygnus cygnus

Bird Family

Swans

Wigeon

Irish Name

Scientific name

Anas penelope

Bird Family

Ducks

Willow Warbler

Irish Name

Ceolaire sailí

Scientific name

Phylloscopus trochilus

Bird Family

Warblers

Wood Sandpiper

Irish Name

Gobadán coille

Scientific name

Tringa glareola

Bird Family

Sandpipers

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