|Irish Name:||Earrdheargán dubh|
|Scientific name:||Phoenicurus ochruros gibraltarensis|
|Bird Family:||Flycatchers (chats)|
Scarce passage migrant in spring and autumn, as well as a scarce winter visitor mainly to eastern and southern coasts.
About the same size as a Robin and has a similar shape. In all plumages has rusty-red undertail coverts and tail, which is frequently shivered. Adult males are a glossy black on the head, back and underparts. Has a small white patch on the primaries. Juvenile and adult females are inseperable, being a mousy grey-brown colour all over. Very similar to female/juvenile Common Redstarts in this plumage, though the latter tend to be a more beige-brown colour.
Rather quiet. Infrequently a "vist" can be heard. Has a remarkable song, which is unlikely to be heard in Ireland - a couple of soft whistled notes followed a "scrunching" sound.
Insects. Sits on exposed perch, before a hopping or flying a short distance to catch suitable prey.
Does not breed in Ireland. The small breeding population in Britain (<100 pairs) prefers bare areas in industrial estates and towns. In Continental Europe, breeds in towns, vineyards and rocky slopes in uplands.
A scarce winter visitor to coastal areas in the east and south of Ireland. Frequently seen at sites which resemble their breeding habitat (exposed cliffs/rocks) with plenty of insects.
Summer breeding range across most of Central Europe, resident in South.
Winters mainly on milder Southern coasts.