|Irish Name:||Gabhlán Binne|
|Scientific name:||Delichon urbicum|
|Bird Family:||Swallows & Martins|
Common summer visitor throughout Ireland from mid-March to late-September.
Between Sand martin and Swallow in size. In all plumages has a large white rump, a feature not shown by either Sand Martin or Swallow. The flight is also different, gliding frequently on extended, almost triangular wings. Has a shallow tail fork like Sand Martin. Adult House Martins have a glossy black head, back, wings and tail, contrasting markedly whith the pure white underparts. In juveniles, the upperparts lake the glossy sheen, while the underparts are washed grey-brown.
Rather vocal. The most frequently heard call is a dry “prittt”. Has a rather primitive song of various squeaky notes mixed with call-notes.
Like Swallows and Sand Martins, House Martins feed on insects such as aphids and mayflies caught in flight.
Similar to Swallow, the House Martin constructs a nest out of mud. It is usually sited underneath the eaves of a house. Also nests on cliffs. Usually raises between two or three broods every year, with some fledging as late as October.
Winters in tropical Africa.
Widespread summer visitor throughout Ireland, especially in urban areas.
Wintering in Africa.