List of Ireland's Birds

Search the A-Z of Ireland's Birds

Although a comparatively high number of bird species have been recorded in Ireland, with over 450 species currently on the Irish list, our island biogeography means we have considerably fewer breeding birds than our nearest neighbours. Many birds are migratory and many are rare or unusual in Ireland, despite the fact that they are common residents across the Irish Sea in Britain.

The fact that Ireland has been an isolated Island for over 8,000 years means that several species, widespread in Britain and elsewhere in Europe, that do not move great distances are absent. Examples include: Tawny Owl, Willow Tit, Marsh Tit, Nuthatch and most woodpecker species. In addition, Ireland’s mild weather means resident birds have an advantage over visitors in terms of early breeding and choice of best habitats. Ireland has fewer habitat types than Britain and continental Europe, with fewer deciduous woodlands, Scots pine forests, heaths and high mountain ranges.

Black-headed Gull

Irish Name

Sléibhín

Scientific name

Larus ridibundus

Bird Family

Hooded Gulls

Common Gull

Irish Name

Faoileán bán

Scientific name

Larus canus

Bird Family

Gulls

Glaucous Gull

Irish Name

Faoileán glas

Scientific name

Larus hyperboreus

Bird Family

Gulls

Great Black-backed Gull

Irish Name

Droimneach mór

Scientific name

Larus marinus

Bird Family

White-headed gulls

Herring Gull

Irish Name

Faoileán scadán

Scientific name

Larus argentatus

Bird Family

Gulls

Iceland Gull

Irish Name

Faoileán Íoslannach

Scientific name

Larus glaucoides

Bird Family

White-headed Gulls

Lesser Black-backed Gull

Irish Name

Droimneach beag

Scientific name

Larus fuscus

Bird Family

White-headed Gulls

Little Gull

Irish Name

Sléibhín beag

Scientific name

Larus minutus

Bird Family

Hooded Gulls

Mediterranean Gull

Irish Name

Sléibhín meánmhuirí

Scientific name

Larus melanocephalus

Bird Family

Hooded Gulls

Ring-billed Gull

Irish Name

Faoileán bandghobach

Scientific name

Ring-billed Gull

Bird Family

Gulls

Sabine’s Gull

Irish Name

Sléibhín Sabine

Scientific name

Xema sabini

Bird Family

Hooded Gulls

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