List of Ireland's Birds

Search the A-Z of Ireland's Birds

Although a comparatively high number of bird species have been recorded in Ireland, with over 450 species currently on the Irish list, our island biogeography means we have considerably fewer breeding birds than our nearest neighbours. Many birds are migratory and many are rare or unusual in Ireland, despite the fact that they are common residents across the Irish Sea in Britain.

The fact that Ireland has been an isolated Island for over 8,000 years means that several species, widespread in Britain and elsewhere in Europe, that do not move great distances are absent examples include: Tawny Owl, Willow Tit, Marsh Tit, Nuthatch and most woodpecker species. In addition, Ireland’s mild weather means resident birds have an advantage over visitors in terms of early breeding and choice of best habitats. Ireland has fewer habitat types than Britain and continental Europe, with fewer deciduous woodlands, Scots pine forests, heaths and high mountain ranges.

Tree Sparrow

Irish Name

Gealbhainn crann

Scientific name

Passer montanus

Bird Family

Sparrows

Treecreeper

Irish Name

Snag

Scientific name

Certhia familiaris

Bird Family

Treecreeper

Tufted Duck

Irish Name

Lacha bhadánach

Scientific name

Aythya fuligula

Bird Family

Ducks

Turnstone

Irish Name

Piardálaí trá

Scientific name

Arenaria interpres

Bird Family

Turnstone

Turtle Dove

Irish Name

Fearán

Scientific name

Streptopelia turtur

Bird Family

Pigeons & Doves

Twite

Irish Name

Gleoiseach sléibhe

Scientific name

Carduelis flavirostris

Bird Family

Finches

Velvet Scoter

Irish Name

Sceadach

Scientific name

Mellanitta fusca

Bird Family

Ducks

Water Rail

Irish Name

Rálóg uisce

Scientific name

Rallus aquaticus

Bird Family

Crakes & Rails

Waxwing

Irish Name

Síodeiteach

Scientific name

Bombycilla garrulus

Bird Family

Waxwings

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