|Irish Name:||Scréachóg reilige|
|Scientific name:||Tyto alba|
Scarce resident mainly in central and southern Ireland. No longer breeds in large patches of northern, western and eastern Ireland. Red-listed in Ireland due to a significant decline in the breeding population. The European population is currently evaluated as Declining.
Rarely seen during the day, only active late at night. Most frequently seen flying across road in car head-lights. Appears a ghostly white, with no markings on the underwing - Long-eared owl has a dark comma mark. Given a close view, shows a remarkably intricate patterning on the wings, back and head.
A loud shriek is most frequently heard
Hunts small mammals and frogs. In Ireland, found to be very dependent on Greater White-tooted Shrew with other small mammals forming a much smaller percentage of prey caught.
Breeds in ruined buildings, such as castles and to a lesser extent in outbuildings (barns/sheds). Will use special nest boxes. Breeding success heavily dependent on the availability of suitable prey.
Largely resident, though young birds will wander in search of new territories.
Barn Owl Project, BirdTrack and Countryside Bird Survey.
Resident, declining population mainly concentrated in the Midlands and Southwest Ireland. All sightings should be reported to BirdWatch Ireland.
In Winter juveniles expand their range in search of new territories.