Greenfinch

Irish Name: Glasán darach
Scientific name: Carduelis chloris
Bird Family: Finches
green
Conservation status

Status

Resident. One of Ireland's top-20 most widespread garden birds.

Identification

A robust finch, with large head, massive bill and shortish tail. The plumage of both sexes is a mixture of greens and greys with splashes of bright yellow - the female being duller, browner and showing faint streaks. The tail is forked, dark at the tip and centre and yellow on the sides. Bill very thick at base, pale, with a pinkish tinge. Legs slightly fleshy pink. In spring, sings from high perch or in wavering songflight over territory. Found mainly in farmland and around towns and parks. A common garden bird, often occurring in large flocks.

Voice

Song a jumble of bubbly notes and trills, interspersed with a coarse, wheezy "raspberry" sound. Call a single "chupp", sometimes repeated.

Diet

Seeds, split grain, buds and some insects, especially when feeding young. Will use peanut feeder.

Breeding

Breeds throughout Ireland - in hedgerows, parks and gardens. Nest, of coarse dead grass and small twigs, well concealed, quite high in hedge.

Wintering

Widespread. Regularly visiting peanut feeders with other finches in suburban and rural areas. Resident birds most likely joined by wintering Greenfinches from continental Europe.

Monitored by

Countryside Bird Survey & Garden Bird Survey.

Similar Species

Siskin

Irish Name:
Siscín
Scientific name:
Carduelis spinus
Bird Family:
Finches