List of Ireland's Birds

Search the A-Z of Ireland's Birds

Although a comparatively high number of bird species have been recorded in Ireland, with over 450 species currently on the Irish list, our island biogeography means we have considerably fewer breeding birds than our nearest neighbours. Many birds are migratory and many are rare or unusual in Ireland, despite the fact that they are common residents across the Irish Sea in Britain.

The fact that Ireland has been an isolated Island for over 8,000 years means that several species, widespread in Britain and elsewhere in Europe, that do not move great distances are absent examples include: Tawny Owl, Willow Tit, Marsh Tit, Nuthatch and most woodpecker species. In addition, Ireland’s mild weather means resident birds have an advantage over visitors in terms of early breeding and choice of best habitats. Ireland has fewer habitat types than Britain and continental Europe, with fewer deciduous woodlands, Scots pine forests, heaths and high mountain ranges.

Brent Goose (Dark-bellied)

Irish Name

Cadhan

Scientific name

Branta bernicla bernicla

Bird Family

Geese

Brent Goose (Light-bellied)

Irish Name

Cadhan

Scientific name

Branta bernicla hrota

Bird Family

Geese

Buff-breasted Sandpiper

Irish Name

Gobadán broinn-donnbhuí

Scientific name

Tryngites subruficollis

Bird Family

Sandpipers

Bullfinch

Irish Name

Corcrán coille

Scientific name

Pyrrhula pyrrhula

Bird Family

Finches

Buzzard

Irish Name

Clamhán

Scientific name

Buteo buteo

Bird Family

Raptor

Canada Goose

Irish Name

Gé Cheanadach

Scientific name

Branta canadensis

Bird Family

Geese

Cattle Egret

Irish Name

Scientific name

Bubulcus ibis

Bird Family

Cormorants (Egrets)

Chaffinch

Irish Name

Rí Rua

Scientific name

Fringilla coelebs

Bird Family

Finches

Chiffchaff

Irish Name

Tiuf-teaf

Scientific name

Phylloscopus collybita

Bird Family

Warblers

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