List of Ireland's Birds

Search the A-Z of Ireland's Birds

Although a comparatively high number of bird species have been recorded in Ireland, with over 450 species currently on the Irish list, our island biogeography means we have considerably fewer breeding birds than our nearest neighbours. Many birds are migratory and many are rare or unusual in Ireland, despite the fact that they are common residents across the Irish Sea in Britain.

The fact that Ireland has been an isolated Island for over 8,000 years means that several species, widespread in Britain and elsewhere in Europe, that do not move great distances are absent examples include: Tawny Owl, Willow Tit, Marsh Tit, Nuthatch and most woodpecker species. In addition, Ireland’s mild weather means resident birds have an advantage over visitors in terms of early breeding and choice of best habitats. Ireland has fewer habitat types than Britain and continental Europe, with fewer deciduous woodlands, Scots pine forests, heaths and high mountain ranges.

Chough

Irish Name

Cág cosdearg

Scientific name

Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax

Bird Family

Crows

Coal Tit

Irish Name

Meantán dubh

Scientific name

Parus ater

Bird Family

Tits

Collared Dove

Irish Name

Fearán baicdhubh

Scientific name

Streptopelia decaocto

Bird Family

Doves

Common Gull

Irish Name

Faoileán bán

Scientific name

Larus canus

Bird Family

Gulls

Common Sandpiper

Irish Name

Gobadán coiteann

Scientific name

Actitus hypoleucos

Bird Family

Sandpipers

Common Scoter

Irish Name

Scótar

Scientific name

Melanitta nigra

Bird Family

Ducks

Common Tern

Irish Name

Geabhróg

Scientific name

Sterna hirundo

Bird Family

Terns

Coot

Irish Name

Cearc cheannann

Scientific name

Fulica atra

Bird Family

Crakes & Rails

Cormorant

Irish Name

Broigheall

Scientific name

Phalacrocorax carbo

Bird Family

Cormorants

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