Irish Name: Lon dubh
Scientific name: Turdus merula
Bird Family: Thrushes
Conservation status


Resident, and winter visitor from Norway, Sweden, Germany & Denmark. One of Ireland's top 20 most widespread garden birds.


The commonest and most widespread member of the thrush family In Ireland. The males's all black plumage and bright yellow bill is unmistakable, however females are much browner, with speckles on the upper breast and at first glance resemble a Song Thrush. Often cocks long tail when alarmed or when running along ground.


One of the favourite songsters. Song is rather slow, mellow and fluty, the notes ranging widely and the sound quite far-carrying. The quality of sound resembles Song thrush, but the phrases do not repeat, but ramble on continually changing slightly. Calls include an agitated "chink, chink, chink" or "chack, chack..", a whinnying horse-like cry and a thin "psew" .


Insects, especially earthworms. Also berries and other fruit including apples. Comes to bird tables


Breeds throughout Ireland in many different habitats - mostly in hedgerows and gardens. Nest in trees or bushes - especially brambles and ivy, but also conifers. Will use large open-fronted nestboxes.


Irish breeders are largely sedentary. Migrants from the Continent arrive in autumn

Monitored by

Countryside Bird Survey & Garden Bird Survey

Similar Species

Ring Ouzel

Irish Name:
Lon creige
Scientific name:
Turdus torquatus
Bird Family: