|Scientific name:||Hirundo rustica|
|Bird Family:||Swallows & Martins|
Common summer visitor throughout Ireland from mid-March to late-September.
A common and easy to see species. Adults are instantly recognisable by their glossy black wings and back, long tail streamers and contrasting white undersides. At close range, the red face-patch can be seen, as well as a narrow black breastband. In juveniles, the face-patch is a pale orange, while the tail streamers are appreciably shorter than on adults.
Very vocal. The song consisting of several musical twittering notes followed by a short buzz can be frequently heard. A “tswit-tswit” call is given when a bird of prey such as Sparrowhawk or Peregrine is spotted.
Swallows feed almost exclusively on insects (midges, flies) caught in flight.
Constructs a bowl-shaped nest out of mud in suitable spots in barns and other buildings.
Swallows spend the winter in southern Africa, migrating across the Mediterranean Sea and the Sahara Desert in spring and autumn.
Countryside Bird Survey and BirdTrack.
Common throughout Ireland in the summer. Large flocks gather at wetland sites prior to migration in autumn.
A long distance migrant overwintering in South Africa