Black Guillemot

Irish Name: Foracha dhubh
Scientific name: Cepphus grylle
Bird Family: Auks
Conservation status


Resident along all Irish coasts.


A species of Auk, highly marine and only found on land in the breeding season. Smaller than Guillemot, and only slightly bigger than Puffin. Plump and heavy at the rear end, flies with head pointing up. Strikingly distinctive in the breeding season, with an all black plumage, white upperwing patches and red feet. Can look all dark, at a distance, in the breeding season. Very different in the winter when the bird is white below with white barring above, upperwing pattern very similar to the breeding season and useful in identifying the species at that time of year.


Displaying birds voice a series of fine notes.


Marine fish and crustaceans


Nests amongst boulders at the base of cliffs, also in rock crevices and in man made structures, such as piers. Will nest singularly and in loose colonies.


Winters in the vicinity of its breeding sites and can be seen inshore throughout the year.

Monitored by

Breeding seabirds are monitored through surveys carried out every 15-20 years, the last was Seabird 2000, which was undertaken between 1998 & 2002.

Blog posts about this bird


Rockabill 2019 - One week down, plenty to go!

Common Tern flying by the island at sunset, April 2019. (L.Gill)

We’ve finished our first week out here on Rockabill and it certainly did not disappoint. From Storm Hannah to the arrival of the Common Terns, it’s been an interesting week.

Waves breaking over the Bill during a bright spell in Storm Hannah (L.Gill)

Our bird species list is now at 21. Kittiwakes have started to occupy cliff ledges in KittiCity and KittiPoint along with in section 4C and out in the Bill.

Pair of Kittiwakes on a cliff ledge at 'KittiCity' on Rockabill Island. (L.Gill)

Black Guillemots have also started to spend more time on the island rather than rafting up around it. Every morning we go out to count them and our highest count so far has been 213!

Black Guillemots resting on the pier at Rockabill. (L.Gill)

Myself and Andrew have started to settle down into the routine of island life and getting stuck into our work. Emma, the third warden will be arriving tomorrow. All the study sites have now been cleared of tree mallow.

Removing the Tree Mallow vegetation from one of the Lighthouse gardens, to make space for nesting Terns. (L.Gill)
The same garden as above, after removal of all of the Tree Mallow vegetation - plenty of space for Common terns to nest on the ground now! (L.Gill)

We have taken out all the nest boxes from inside the house and sorted them in numerical order ready to go to their various parts of the island. Any nest boxes that were broken have been set aside to be repaired or replaced.

Sorting out some of the 900 nestboxes to be deployed around the island for nesting Roseate Terns! (L.Gill)

For birds that aren’t nesting in nest boxes, their nests will be marked with pegs. We took out all the pegs from last year and sorted them into Common Tern, Artic Tern and Roseate Tern piles. We then sorted all of the Common Tern pegs on bamboo sticks from number 1-250 and Roseate and Artic pegs will soon follow.

We use coded clothes pegs to mark nests on Rockabill - at the start of the season there are a couple of thousand to be sorted out! (L.Gill)

Last night we were treated to a beautiful sunset with Common Terns flying across making for some beautiful shots.

Common Tern silhouettes at sunset, from Rockabill Island. (L.Gill)

Common Tern silhouettes at sunset, from Rockabill Island. (L.Gill)
  • Lorna Gill & The Rockabill Team.

Similar Species


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Uria aalge
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